Venezuela has been swamped with American dollars which has become a huge problem in the economically devastated country.
The greenback is steadily gaining currency in the inflation-wracked country, where a single dollar buys about 60,000 bolívares on the black market. That’s creating challenges for local businesses, because Venezuelan banks are barred from offering foreign currency accounts.
For safekeeping, an insurance saleswoman in the western town of San Cristóbal tapes stacks of dollars from clients to the inside of a toilet tank in her office bathroom. A general contractor, unable to wire cash to his accounts in the US, flew his elderly mother and wife from Caracas to Miami with $9,900 of cash each, just under the limit required for reporting money to US customs authorities.
“This is money earned through legal means, yet in a currency that exists entirely outside the country’s constitutional order. This isn’t money laundering,” said Luis Godoy, a former deputy chief of the judicial police who now works as a security consultant. “You have to wonder how many people right now have money stacked inside their homes like Pablo Escobar.”
The collapse of the bolívar, which shed 99 percent of its value against the dollar in 2019, mirrors that of the Venezuelan economy, which has endured 21 consecutive quarters of decline. The crisis has been aggravated by international sanctions that prohibit exports of oil to the US and cut access to external financing. While inflation has abated somewhat, largely through severe restrictions on lending, it remains the highest in the world, at an estimated annual rate of 6,567 percent, according to Bloomberg’s Café Con Leche Index. A year ago, a cup of coffee cost 450 bolívares; at the end of last month it was 30,000 bolívares.